A novel drone-based radar calibration experiment is carried out by Jiapeng Yin, Jinliang Li and Fred van der Zwan on Novermber 1st and 3rd. The research aims to develop and implement the new technology in calibration for the next generation of weather radars. This is urgent and timely research as the current weather radars are not the optimum information sources for water management in urban areas – so prone to the increased occurrence of extreme rainfall. This research will use a micro-drone hexacopter to carry the metal sphere and fly over two radars (S-band TARA and X-band IDRA) to complete the process in Cabauw.
The Buys Ballot Research School (BBOS) 2016 organized by the IMAU was held in Oranjewoud . This symposium is aimed on PhD students at dutch universities working on fundamental and applied studies of the climate system.
This year PhD students from the GRS-department and the ATMOS group contributed on a wide range of topics:
- Julien Chimot – Presentation : Retrieving aerosol height from space: A neural network approach applied to OMI O2-O2 measurements PDF
- Steven van der Linden – Presenation : 1001 nights, a Fairy Tale at Cabauw
- Thomas Frederikse – Presentation : Closing the Sea Level Budget at a Regional Scale
- Dimitra Mamali – Poster : Atmospheric particles size distribution and hygroscopicity at Cabauw for the period 2008-2014
- Antoon van Hooft- Poster : LES is More
This poster won the award for ‘Best Poster Presentation’ according to the jury and can be viewed here: PDF
We hope to see you at the next BBOS symposium!
Assessment of the rain drop inertia effect for radar-based turbulence intensity retrievals
A new model is proposed on how to account for the inertia of scatterers in radar-based turbulence intensity retrieval techniques. Rain drop inertial parameters are derived from fundamental physical laws, which are gravity, the buoyancy force, and the drag force. The inertial distance is introduced, which is a typical distance at which a particle obtains the same wind velocity as its surroundings throughout its trajectory. For the measurement of turbulence intensity, either the Doppler spectral width or the variance of Doppler mean velocities is used. The relative scales of the inertial distance and the radar resolution volume determine whether the variance of velocities is increased or decreased for the same turbulence intensity. A decrease can be attributed to the effect that inertial particles are less responsive to the variations of wind velocities. An increase can be attributed to inertial particles that have wind velocities corresponding to an average of wind velocities over their backward trajectories, which extend outside the radar resolution volume. Simulations are done for the calculation of measured radar velocity variance, given a 3-D homogeneous isotropic turbulence field, which provides valuable insight in the correct tuning of parameters for the new model.
The full paper from A. Oude Nijhuis et. al. can be found here
Members of the ATMOSpheric remote sensing groupe contrubuted to the AMS conference, 14-18 September 2015, Norman OK, USA
Ricardo Reinoso Rondinel contributed presenting a poster:
Title: “High resolution estimation of specific differential phase and backscatter differential phase for polarimetric X-band weather radars”
- An advanced method to estimate the specific differential phase (Kdp) and backscatter differential phase (dhv) from rain at X-band frequencies is proposed. The method aims to obtain high spatial resolution of Kdp and dhv estimators while controlling their inherent bias-variance dilemma. In addition, the variance of Kdp was mathematically formulated for quality control.
- Poster and abstract link here
- This poster was awarded as the 3rd best student poster presentation.
Albert Oude Nijhuis presented a poster, too:
Title: “Turbulence intensity retrieval in precipitation via optimal estimation using polarimetric radar”
Summary and a pdf version of his paster can be found here
The talks of Lukas Pfitzenmaier
Title: “Correcting radar Doppler spectra for atmospheric dynamics to study microphysics within mixed phase clouds” (here)
and Yunlong Li
Title: “A Novel Radar-Based Visibility Estimator”
are also avilable online (here)
During the last 4 weeks I was for a secondment at the University of Reading. Main goal was to learn more about microphysical retrievals of cloud properties. But also exchanging knowledge and ideas was on the agenda. So I was very glad that I got the chance to work with Chris Westbrook and his colleagues.
Since the very successful ACCEPT campaign I have plenty of data to look into and develop ideas. One of them was to retrieve mean ice particle size using the wavelength ration of the operated radars (3 GHz and 35 GHz). The group in Reading was really helpful in answering questions and discuss first preliminary results. They already had experience with such retrievals.
Discussion with other PhDs and Scientists brought also some very fruitful and promising input. I exchange some of the ACCEPT and hope that the collaboration will go on in the future. An improvement of my retrieval for retrieving fall-streaks within radar data was tested on a different data set. This improved the understanding of my own retrieval and helped to validate it.
So all in all a successful exchange for both sides. I thank once again the colleagues from Reading for the collaboration and all the rest. And I hope that the collaboration will go on in the future
High-Resolution Raindrop Size Distribution Retrieval Based on the Doppler Spectrum in the Case of Slant Profiling Radar
Doppler spectra from vertically profiling radars are usually considered to retrieve the raindrop size distribution (DSD). However, to exploit both fall velocity spectrum and polarimetric measurements, Doppler spectra acquired in slant profiling mode should be explored. Rain DSD samples are obtained from simultaneously measured vertical and slant profile Doppler spectra and evaluated. In particular, the effect of the horizontal wind and the averaging time are investigated.
The Doppler spectrum provides a way to retrieve the DSD, theradial wind,and a spectralbroadening factor by means of a nonlinear optimization technique. For slant profiling of light rain when the horizontal wind is strong, the DSD results can be affected. Such an effect is demonstrated on a study case of stratiform light rain. Adding a wind profiler mode to the radar simultaneously supplies the horizontal wind and Doppler spectra. Before the retrieval procedure, the Doppler spectra are shifted in velocity to remove the mean horizontal wind contribution. The DSD results are considerably improved.
Generally, averaged Doppler spectra are input into this type of algorithm. Instead, high-resolution, low-averaged Doppler spectra are chosen in order to take into account the small-scale variability of the rainfall. Investigating the linear relations at fixed median volume diameter, measured reflectivity-retrieved rainfall rate, for a slant beam, the consistency of the integrated parameters is established for two averaging periods. Nevertheless, the corresponding DSD parameter distributions reveal differences attributed to the averaging of the Doppler spectra.
The new aspects are to obtain the same retrieval quality as vertically profiling and highly average spectra in an automated way.
Link to C. Unals paper can be found here
– ATMOS 2015: http://seom.esa.int/atmos2015/
– Competition between CarbonSat and FLEX: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Save_the_date_selection_of_ESA_s_eighth_Earth_Explorer
– the TROPOMI project: http://www.tropomi.eu/
RainGain is a project within the Framework of the COP21 Preparation and stands for
“RESEARCHERS & WATER MANAGERS PREPARING CITIES FOR A CHANGING CLIMATE”
The EU INTERREG NWE IVB RainGain project has focused on recent remote sensing technologies to achieve a finer urban water management and to build up resilience to weather extremes and climate change. The RainGain conference will address all the issues related to high-resolution rainfall measurement, nowcasting and hydrological modelling, as well as their advanced applications to urban water management and stakeholder’s capacity building.
More info can be found here:
The poster that was presented was titled: ” Dual-Polarimetric X-Band Weather Radar: Accurate Rainfall Estimation and Storm Observations ” and can be found here.
More RainGain news:
International RainGain Workshop on March 24th 2015 in Rotterdam.
- Extreme rainfall in Jakarta
- Amsterdam Rainproof
- Coping with extreme rainfall
- Added value X-band radar
More info can be found in: http://www.raingain.eu/en/node/4619
by Ricardo Reinoso Rondinel
Last week Stephanie Prianto Rusli and Lukas Pfitzenmaier presented posters at the European Geoscience Union in Vienna. This conference gave a grate opportunity to meet a brought range of scientists from all kinds of Geoscience and come into discussion. It also gave the opportunity to go into interdisciplinary sessions and generate new ideas.
Stephanies poster was in the the session: Remote Sensing of Clouds and Aerosols: Techniques and Applications and its title: Multi-sensor approach to retrieving water cloud physical properties and drizzle fraction (poster here)
Lukas poster could be find in the new session about Observing and modeling processes in moderately supercooled clouds and was dealing with Effect of cloud microphysics on particle growth under mixed phase conditions (poster here). Discussions and comments within the supercooled cloud community where very fruitful and caused quite some attention. So the changes are high to have a second one in the next EGU 2016.
In a few weeks (in the 4th quarter), the third edition of the Atmospheric observation course (CIE4608) will start at the CEG faculty. The course is focusing on the observation of the different atmospheric components that are required for current weather and climate applications at different temporal and spatial scales and from different observation plateforms.
For TU Delft students it is now possible to enrol to the course. More information can be found on the study guide by clicking on this link. I will be leading the course, so feel free to contact me if any further question via the link above.
Find below the flyer for the course this year: